Yuntai Mountain is a world geological park, national AAAAA-class tourist attraction and national scenic spot, located at the junction of Xiuwu County in Jiaozuo City, Henan Province and Lingchuan County in Jincheng City, Shanxi Province. The area of the scenic spot is 280 square kilometers, including Hongshi Gorge, Tan Waterfall Gorge, Quanwaterfall Gorge, Qinglong Gorge, Fenglin Gorge, Ovary Lake, Juyu Peak and Rhesus Monkey Valley. The main attractions are Diecai cave and Bai Jia Yan.
The topography of the park is complex, and the climate varies with altitude and mountain topography. Primitive secondary forests cover the whole mountain range. There are more than 500 kinds of trees and exotic flowers and herbs. The main peak of Yuntai Mountain, Dogwoo Peak, is 1308 meters above sea level, with a 314-meter drop of Yuntai Tianwaterfall. At the end of the scenic spot, the Spring Waterfall Gorge is one of the greatest falls found in China.
There are abundant geological relics in the park, and Archean, Proterozoic, Paleozoic and Cenozoic strata have been formed in the past 3 billion years. Several tectonic movements, especially in the past 23 million years, resulted in the strong uplift of neotectonic movement and the deep cutting of water erosion, resulting in the confrontation between the two cliffs of Yuntai Mountain and various dynamic waterfalls, springs and streams. And Tan together constitute the landscape of Yuntai landform.
Yuntai Mountain back to the Ming Dynasty, Xia and Shang Dynasties, the Tang Dynasty is not absolutely in the men of literature and writing, that covered Busan to the Jin Dynasty, called Yuntai Mountain, the name has been extended to the modern, Qixian seclusion in the mountains of Chinese garden from the palace to the nature played a role in the past.
Since September 20, 2018, the ticket price of Yuntai Mountain scenic spot in Jiaozuo has dropped from 150 yuan / person to 120 yuan / person. Since October 8th, the annual March 1st -11 30 period, all holding identity cards to buy Yuntai Mountain scenic spots tourists, within a year (12 months), optional three days, the attractions of an unlimited number of any tour, check ID and admission brush face.
Henan province is located in the territory of Yuntai Mountain from the provincial capital Zhengzhou 70 kilometers northwest of the city of Jiaozuo Xiuwu County, the total area of 280 square kilometers.
The climate of Yuntai Mountain is cool and pleasant, and the scenic area is a warm temperate continental monsoon climate. It is dry and windy in spring, hot and rainy in summer, cool in autumn and cold in winter. Due to the barrier function of the Taihang Mountains in the north, the leeward to the sun and the plain are the high temperature and low rainfall areas in the north of Henan Province. The mountainous terrain is complex, and the climate varies with altitude and mountain shape.
Geological and geomorphology
Yuntai Mountain in ancient times is a world of waters, with the passage of the century, changes in the earth's crust, gradually rises, the formation of plain elevation. In the period of orogeny billions of years ago (Ordovician and Sinian), great changes have taken place in landscape. During the Yanshan period, the North rises, forming high mountains, and the South falls, forming plains. The influence of Himalayan orogeny, and the mountain has been rising, the river quickly cut, and the formation of deep and steep valleys. Subsequently, surface and underground fissures along the rock dissolution effect, plus other weathering stress, resulting in today's mountain, stone shape.
The park group gap between peak and valley, staggered columns, cliff walls, long cliff ladder stack "of Zhangshiyan landform landscape, is to construct the main role, and the natural erosion and the formation of special landscape, is a new type of physiognomy, not only has the aesthetic value, but also has the typical.
The Yunmengshan Formation-Upper Carboniferous Taiyuan Formation of the Middle Proterozoic Jixian System has a complete outcropping system from about 1.4 billion to 300 million years ago, and the Archaean-Early Proterozoic basement, as well as typical structural relics, such as the Archaean gneiss complex basement, the basement of the Early Proterozoic supercrust, the basement of the remote dome structure, the overlap structure of the caprock, and the ductility. Structures of shear zone, ductile-brittle deformation, brittle fracture, single-sided mountain, collapse and landslide in caprock, etc. The special tectonic position and lithologic condition make the water body and hydrodynamic action in the park develop very well. The formed waterfalls, streams and river travertine terraces, travertine waterfalls and travertine beaches represent the characteristics of karst in northern China and are a beautiful landscape. In particular, the remains of the neotectonic movement are very typical throughout the park.
Dr. Ed (Director of UNESCO's Department of Geology, an authoritative international geoscientist): "I have to admit that Mt. Yuntai is a unique and incomparable geological park. It impressed me as a movement, a Beethoven symphony, a most beautiful landscape symphony.
Jonah Winchester, vice chairman of the United Nations Communications Coordination Committee, lamented: "When I stand on the top of Mount Yuntai, I can see, hear and feel the magnificence and splendor of Mother Earth!"
He sai (Chairman of the international geographical Federation): this visit to Yuntai Mountain has been fruitful. Yuntai Mountain is a national park worth playing and praising. Through this window of Yuntai Mountain, more people can understand the geological park and the local traditional culture.
STEVEN (Director of the Grand Canyon National Park): We are deeply shocked by the beauty of China's scenic spots. The layout of the scenic spots is very reasonable, which can integrate the cultural heritage into the beautiful scenery. The conclusion of sister parks between Yuntai Mountain and the Grand Canyon not only means cooperation between the two countries, but also has a profound impact on the people of the two countries who love mountains and rivers. Both parks have important resources, and after signing contracts, they offer each other the opportunity to benefit from a variety of things, such as a vibrant, healthy life and economic development.
Liu Youyi (Director-General of the World Geographic Federation): Landscape Harmony, Peace on Earth, Yuntai Mountain Geopark Visit Memorial.
Robin: Mt. Yuntai is the most beautiful place I've ever seen in China, with beautiful natural scenery, clouds and mists, and intoxicating. Mt. Yuntai people are generous and very hospitable. Thank you. We wish Mt. Yuntai Geopark a brighter tomorrow.
Chris: Whoever protects nature and culture is a precious gift to their children and grandchildren. We are amazed by the meticulous service of your staff. Yuntai Mountain Geopark is a precious treasure to safeguard world peace, maintain national friendship and renown the world.
Carole Murphy (University of Missouri Professor, Vice-Chairman of the National Geographic Society, Missouri): I've traveled around the world, but there are few places as beautiful as Mt. Yuntai, and I'm so intoxicated by people so enthusiastic. Yuntai Mountain is indeed China's wealth. This visit to Yuntai Mountain has given me endless memories of this life.
In April 2006, Yuntai Mountain held the first special session of Yuntai Mountain tourism products in Seoul, South Korea.
In February 2006, the organization went to Thailand to promote, respectively in Bangkok and Chiang Mai, Thailand, Yuntai Mountain held a special tourism product exposition. And many exchanges and promotion to South Korea, and South Korean friends from all walks of life to establish a profound friendship.
In August 2007, Yuntai Mountain and Grand Canyon National Park became sister parks, becoming the second officially established Sino-foreign sister Park in China, and included in the memorandum of cooperation signed by the Chinese and American governments during President Hu Jintao's visit to the United States.
In January 2007 and February 2009, Henan Tourism Bureau took part in Hong Kong and Macao cultural activities in Hong Kong and Macao.
In October 2008, he took part in the tour guide group of Henan province and went to South Korea and Japan to publicize.
In October 2008, he took part in the third Taipei Tourism Exhibition on both sides of the Taiwan Strait.
In February 2009, he went to Australia and other countries to take part in the "central Australian culture".
In July 2009, he traveled to Austria, Germany and Italy with the Henan provincial government to carry out a series of activities in Central Plains cultural Europe.
In November 2009, Jiaozuo Municipal Government went to Baodao for promotion. During this period, a memorandum of cooperation was signed with China Airlines of Taiwan on the opening of the "Yuntaishan" tourist flight from Taipei to Zhengzhou. Take part in the "homologous and Henan Taiwan tourism Summit Forum" and "Central Plains cultural treasure island".
In December 2009, Yuntai Mountain held the "Yuntai Mountain to Korea landscape photography exhibition week" in Seoul, South Korea.
In January 2010, he participated in the exchange activities of the 2010 Happy Spring Festival China-South Korea Cultural Festival and the 2010 China Visit Year and Expo Tourism Promotion Week.
In January 2010, Yuntai Mountain scenic spot held a photo exhibition at the Shing cultural center in Seoul, Korea.
In April 2010, the launching ceremony of the "Henan cultural tourism exchange year" was held.
In 2010, Yuntai Mountain Office in Beijing, Yuntai Mountain Tourism Service Center in Shanghai and Yuntai Mountain Tourism Service Center in Wuhan were established one after another.
In 2012, Yuntai Mountain scenic spot received more than 504 tourists, and realized the ticket revenue of 450 million yuan.
By the end of 2012, Thailand, South Korea, Taipei City, Qingdao, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Tianjin, Beijing, Wuhan, Dalian and Harbin of Taiwan Province of China had opened "Yuntai Mountain Tourist Train", "Yuntai Mountain" and "Shennong Mountain" charter flights. Among them, 38 "Yuntai Mountain" series tourism special columns from Beijing to Jiaozuo, 11 "Yuntai Mountain" series tourism special columns from Wuhan to Jiaozuo, 15 "Shennong Mountain" series charter flights from Shanghai to Jiaozuo.
In March 2013, Yuntai Mountain Scenic Area officially set up "Yuntai Mountain Office in South Korea, Jiaozuo, Henan Province, China" in Mapu District, Seoul, Korea, which is the first overseas office set up in China's tourist attractions.
In April 2013, under the Hong Kong Education Bureau's National Education Support Program, the "Peer-to-Peer" Hong Kong Senior High School Exchange Program in the Mainland, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Education Bureau Superintendent Xu Yongkang led the 100th Anniversary of Hong Kong Tsuen Wan Official Secondary School, Baptist Church Lui Mingcai Secondary School Sao Paulo College, Liao Baoshan Memorial College and Po Leung Kuk. A total of 329 high school students from Zhaozhong Memorial Middle School, Notre Dame Rose Hall College, Huangren College, Yuen Long District Middle School, Sha Tin Official Middle School and Deng Zhaojian Victoria Official Middle School approached the Yuntai Mountains and Rivers.
In April 2013, the Acqua reale - Cinese di Henan Jiaozuo Yuntai Photography Exhibition was held at the Lifeli Museum of Culture and Art in Milan, Italy. "True Water" photography exhibition Blanchford Palace in Palermo, Italy and Donizetti Opera House in Bergamo, Poland and Luxembourg tour, Yuntai Mountain tourism resources in Italy will also be held at the same time.
By July 2013, Beijing University, Beijing Normal University, China University of Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Central University for Nationalities, Henan University, Beijing Second Institute of Foreign Languages, Zhengzhou University, etc. have established MTA / MBA industrial practice bases in Yuntai Mountain.
The National Tourism Administration and the People's Government of Henan Province jointly hold the "China Yuntai Mountain International Tourism Festival" every two years, and have successfully held nine sessions so far. More than 60 envoys from different countries have visited China, which is an important window festival for China to display the development of tourism industry.
"The Empire of the Qin Dynasty", "The Legend of Competing for Hegemony", "Ma Ming Feng Xiao", "The Great Story of Sun Tzu" and many other films and TV plays were filmed in Yuntai Mountain.